What Does A Real Estate Agent Do?

Embarking on the journey of buying or selling a property can be both exhilarating and overwhelming. In this intricate process, a guiding hand can make all the difference. 

Enter the real estate agent—a real estate professional equipped with an array of skills and knowledge to navigate the complexities of the real estate world. 

What do real estate agents do? From deciphering market trends to negotiating intricate contracts, a real estate agent wears many hats. 

Let’s delve into the multifaceted role of a real estate agent to highlight the crucial tasks they undertake to ensure a successful real estate transaction. Whether you’re a seasoned investor or a first-time homebuyer, understanding what a real estate agent does can empower you to make informed decisions and transform a potentially daunting experience into a rewarding journey.

Importance of Real Estate Agents in Property Transactions

Real estate agents play a pivotal role in a real estate transaction, bringing expertise, market insights, and negotiation skills to the table. They guide buyers and sellers through the complex process, helping them navigate legalities, pricing, and paperwork. A good real estate agent possesses a deep understanding of local property trends, enabling them to accurately price homes for sale or purchase. 

What a real estate agent’s role is, exactly, depends on if you’re buying or selling a property. If you want to buy a home, they’ll help you find the right one and make a compelling offer. If you are selling a home, they’ll host open houses and find potential buyers. 

Core Responsibilities of Real Estate Agents

To better understand what it’s like to work with a licensed real estate agent, let’s break down some of the core responsibilities of a real estate agent.

Market analysis and research

An experienced real estate agent can bring comprehensive market analysis and research to the table. By delving into the intricacies of the local real estate landscape, they gain valuable insights into property values, market trends, and competition. 

This research enables them to provide accurate and data-backed pricing recommendations to sellers, ensuring that properties are competitively positioned in the market. For buyers, the real estate agent’s analysis empowers them to make informed decisions by considering current market conditions and making strategic choices that align with their financial goals and preferences.

Listing and marketing properties

The art of showcasing properties effectively is a core skill of a real estate agent. Beyond creating a mere listing, these professionals craft compelling narratives that highlight a property’s unique features and potential. 

Harnessing the power of modern marketing tools, a real estate agent employs strategic approaches to elevate the visibility of properties. They utilize professional photography, virtual tours, and engaging descriptions to create an immersive online experience. 

Leveraging their extensive network, a real estate agent can ensure that properties are not only presented to a wider audience but also targeted to potential buyers who are genuinely interested in the property’s offerings.

Buyer and seller representation

In the intricate dance of real estate transactions, real estate agents adeptly perform the role of both advocate and advisor. 

For buyers, a real estate agent is dedicated to understanding their preferences and needs and guiding them through the process of finding suitable properties. A buyer’s agent provides valuable insights into different neighborhoods, property types, and investment potential. 

On the seller’s side, a real estate agent skillfully negotiates terms, leveraging their knowledge to ensure that agreements align with their client’s objectives. Acting as intermediaries, a real estate agent facilitates communication between parties, ensuring smooth interactions while safeguarding their clients’ best interests.

Negotiations and transactions

At the heart of a successful real estate deal lies the art of negotiation. A real estate agent, armed with extensive market knowledge and experience, takes on the role of a skilled negotiator. Their goal is to secure favorable outcomes for their clients, whether it’s getting the best price for a seller or negotiating favorable terms for a buyer. 

Throughout the process, a professional real estate agent remains poised and diplomatic, addressing potential roadblocks and finding solutions that satisfy all parties involved. Their ability to manage complex negotiations with other real estate agents and mitigate potential conflicts significantly contributes to the successful completion of transactions.

Purchase agreements and contracts

Navigating the legal intricacies of real estate transactions requires a keen eye for detail and a deep understanding of contractual obligations. A licensed real estate agent serves as a guide through the maze of purchase agreements and contracts. They meticulously explain terms, ensure legal compliance, and protect their clients’ rights and interests. 

By translating complex legal jargon into comprehensible terms, a good real estate agent empowers their clients to make well-informed decisions. Their expertise extends to identifying potential pitfalls and ensuring all necessary disclosures are provided, minimizing the risk of disputes arising after the transaction has concluded.

Guidance and expertise

In an industry that can be both exciting and daunting, the role of a real estate professional as a source of guidance and expertise is invaluable. Clients rely on their real estate agents to answer their questions, provide advice, and offer insights based on their extensive industry knowledge. 

Real estate agents leverage their understanding of the ever-changing real estate landscape to lead clients through the complexities of the process. By offering insights into market trends, financing options, and investment potential, they empower clients to make confident decisions. They also help navigate areas of the real estate process that may be new to you, like home inspections and appraisals. 

The real estate agent’s role as a trusted advisor fosters a sense of reassurance, enabling clients to navigate each stage of the real estate transaction with clarity and confidence.

Legal and Ethical Responsibilities

A real estate agent bears significant legal and ethical responsibilities in their dealings once they obtain their real estate license. They are entrusted with safeguarding clients’ interests, following applicable laws and regulations, and upholding the highest standards of professionalism and integrity. 

Here’s a closer look at what their legal and ethical responsibilities entail. 

Adhering to codes of conduct

Real estate agents are bound by codes of conduct established by industry organizations and regulatory bodies. These codes dictate ethical behavior, fair treatment of all parties, and transparency in transactions. Real estate agents must commit to maintaining a reputation of trustworthiness and honesty.

Compliance and disclosures

A real estate agent must ensure compliance with legal requirements and disclosure obligations. They provide accurate information about properties to prevent misrepresentation and ensure that clients have a clear understanding of potential issues. By disclosing pertinent information, a real estate agent promotes transparency and protects clients from legal disputes that may arise from nondisclosure.


So what do real estate agents do? A real estate agent’s multifaceted role is instrumental in navigating the intricate landscape of property transactions. With a keen grasp of real estate market dynamics and trends, they offer invaluable market analysis, enabling clients to make informed decisions. 

From crafting compelling property listings to employing effective marketing strategies, real estate professionals bring properties to the forefront of the real estate market, enhancing visibility and attracting potential buyers. 

Operating as advocates for both buyers and sellers, real estate agents skillfully negotiate to secure favorable deals, ensuring that transactions unfold smoothly and successfully. Their expertise in purchase agreements and contracts safeguards clients’ rights and interests, while their ethical commitments and adherence to codes of conduct establish a foundation of trust. 

Ultimately, real estate agents provide the expertise and guidance necessary to turn complex real estate endeavors into successful and rewarding experiences.

Frequently Asked Questions 

What’s the difference between a Realtor and a real estate agent?

A real estate agent is an individual who has obtained the necessary state real estate license or licenses to operate within the real estate industry, facilitating property transactions for clients. They can represent buyers, sellers, or both, and their responsibilities include tasks such as property showings, open houses, negotiations, and paperwork. Real estate agents can work independently or as part of a brokerage. 

On the other hand, a Realtor is a real estate agent who is also a member of the National Association of Realtors (NAR), a prominent professional national association in the United States. Realtors are held to a higher standard of ethical conduct and professionalism due to their commitment to the NAR’s Code of Ethics. This code emphasizes honesty, integrity, and fair treatment of all parties in real estate transactions. 

While all Realtors are real estate agents, not all real estate agents are Realtors. The term “Realtor” is a registered trademark of the NAR and signifies a dedication to ethical practices and a higher level of professionalism within the real estate industry.

How do real estate agents get paid?

Real estate agents are typically compensated through a commission-based structure that is contingent upon the successful completion of a property transaction. 

When a property is sold, the commission is a percentage of the final sale price and is divided between the seller’s agent (listing agent) and the buyer’s agent. This commission covers the real estate agents’ services, expertise, and marketing efforts throughout the real estate transaction process.

How much do real estate agents earn? The commission percentage can vary, but it’s commonly around 5% to 6% of the sale price, with half going to the seller’s agent and the other half to the buyer’s agent. 

It’s important to note that the commission is negotiable and can be influenced by factors such as the local market, property type, and specific terms of the agreement between the real estate agent and their client.

In some cases, if a real estate agent is representing both the buyer and seller (dual agency), they may negotiate a single commission shared between the two sides. However, dual agency arrangements are regulated and restricted in some states due to potential conflicts of interest.

Are real estate agents worth it?

Not sure if you want to hire a real estate agent? Real estate agents are often worth it due to the expertise, guidance, and value they bring to property transactions. Their in-depth knowledge of local markets, negotiation skills, and understanding of complex paperwork can save you time, money, and stress. 

Real estate agents work to help you navigate legal and regulatory aspects, ensuring a smooth process. They provide access to a broader range of properties through their networks, and their marketing efforts can attract more potential buyers if you’re selling. 

While there are fees involved (typically a percentage of the sale price), the benefits in terms of securing favorable deals, avoiding pitfalls, and simplifying the process make the cost worthwhile for many buyers and sellers. It’s essential to choose a reputable and experienced real estate agent who aligns with your goals to maximize the value they provide.

What does a real estate agent do after closing?

After a property transaction’s closing, a real estate agent’s responsibilities continue in various ways. They ensure that all necessary documents have been signed and filed properly, providing copies to their clients. 

A real estate agent coordinates with the involved parties, such as lenders, title companies, and attorneys, to ensure a seamless transition. They may assist in resolving any post-closing issues that arise, acting as a liaison between buyers and sellers. 

If there are any outstanding contractual obligations, the real estate agent helps facilitate their completion. A real estate agent might also provide recommendations for local service providers, such as contractors or utility companies, to aid the new homeowners’ transition. 

Ultimately, a dedicated real estate agent’s involvement extends beyond the closing table, as they strive to guarantee that their client’s real estate journey concludes successfully and their needs are met, even after the deal is finalized.

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Note By BiggerPockets: These are opinions written by the author and do not necessarily represent the opinions of BiggerPockets.

Source link: https://www.biggerpockets.com/blog/what-do-real-estate-agents-do by Jacqueline DeMarco at www.biggerpockets.com